The very existence of Sharia courts, which are prevalent in the Islamic world and even in the UK, affirms that this is more than a set of personal rules. For example, the Qur'an goes as far as to oblige Muslims to fight on behalf of Jews, Christians and people of other faiths and to protect their churches, synagogues and temples from attack.
A few rules that shows that the Sharia law considers girls inferior to boys include that the female inherits only half of what a male heir inherits, a male is a degree above a female in status etc. Shariah law champions absolute freedom of conscience and freedom of religion. The religious law of Islam is seen as the expression of God’s command for Muslims and, in application, constitutes a system of duties that are incumbent upon all Muslims by virtue of their religious belief. A path that … The Quran is therefore regarded as the definitive authority on matters of Islamic law and practice. It is only when the Quran itself does not speak directly to or in detail about a certain subject, that Muslims turn to alternative sources of Islamic law. After the death of the Prophet Mohammed, Muslim jurists known as fuqaha’ (singular faqih ) began studying the Sharia to discern its legal rules, leading to the formation of schools of Islamic legal thought known as mazahib (singular mazhab ). However, the words “ Sharia ” and “law” are often used interchangeably. Sharia law refers to the matters of religion that Allah has legislated for humans. Shariah, the fundamental religious concept of Islam—namely, its law. Sharia is canonical law. Also there are a few rules related to marriage, divorce, remarriage, custody of the children etc, that also shows that women are not given as much importance as a man. Shariah is Islamic law derived from the teachings of the Quran and of Muhammad. Rules of law are rules of Sharia, but not all the rules of Sharia are rules of law. All sources of Islamic law must be in essential agreement with the Quran, the most fundamental source of Islamic knowledge. Allah has sent messengers to people, who guide them the “Right Path”. Courts address conflict between separate parties, and typically impose a ruling on one that they would not otherwise choose.
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